Carrier oils are usually vegetable oils that come from their seeds, nuts, or plant kernels. Most essential oils should not be applied directly to the skin, so they have to be diluted with a carrier oils. These oils, when combined with essential oils, are also used in many beauty products such as sugar scrubs, lotions, balms, moisturizers, perfumes, and more. Carrier oils are usually odorless except some types of coconut oil.
The term Comedogenic as it pertains to carrier oils and essential oils is a determination of whether or not certain oils with a rating of 0-5 will cause your skin to breakout because of clogged pores. Essential oils on their own are non-comedogenic, but in most cases you will be using them with some sort of carrier oil. The types of commonly used carrier oils have comedogenic ratings from 0-5 based upon how likely they are to clog pores and cause breakouts. This is a great resource containing additional oils and their comedogenic ratings.
Here is a breakdown of the ratings:
Comedogenic rating of 0 means that the oilis a non-comedogenic and will not clog your pores.
Comedogenic rating of 1 has a slight chance of clogging your pores.
Comedogenic rating of 2 means that most people will not have clogged pores, but some people will experience clogged pores depending on their skin type.
Comedogenic rating of 3 will cause a lot of people to experience clogged pores or breakouts even though others won't experience any problems depending on their skin type.
Comedogenic rating of 4 suggests that most people will experience clogged pores or breakouts unless they have a good tolerance to oils depending on their skin type.
Comedogenic rating of 5 basically guarantees clogged pores and breakouts because very few people can tolerate oils with this rating.
Aloe Vera Gel helps to soothe and heal the skin from irritations and dryness. It acts as a moisturizer without leaving a greasy residue and can be used to treat breakouts and skin blemishes. It has anti-aging properties and also helps reduce the appearance of stretch marks. Pure Aloe Vera Gel has a comedogenic rating of O.
Apricot Kernel Oil is very gentle and is ideal for sensitive skin and safe for children. It can be substituted for sweet almond oil. It is often used in beauty products for lotion recipes and hot oil treatments. All skin types: mature, dry, sensitive, or inflamed skin. Apricot kernel oil is helpful for relieving inflammation, itchiness, and dry skin. Apricot Kernel Oil has a comedogenic rating of 2.
Argan Oil has benefits range from being nourishing for your hair to repairing split ends and taming frizz. In addition to being an excellent carrier oil for your hair, it can be applied to your skin and nails, or callused feet to improve cracks in heels and to nail, cuticles to strengthen brittle nails. Argan is a great oil for mature, aging or damaged skin. It can be used as an additive to prevent wrinkles or for nourishing the skin around the eyes. The oil is traditionally indicated for pimples and acne. Argan Oil has a comedogenic rating of O.
Avocado Oil is high in essential fatty acids and fat-soluble vitamins and is a good emollient for the skin. It is ideal for sensitive skin or problem skin and eczema. Avocado is usually combined with other carrier oils and not used alone. Avocado oil is indicated for wound healing and it is easily absorbed by the skin and promotes cellular regeneration. It can be used for all skin types especially postmenopausal skin, dry, fragile, or mature skin. Can reduce itchiness in skin caused by eczema or psoriasis. Avocado Oil has a comedogenic rating of 2.
Beeswax is amazing for the skin for so many reasons. It helps to create a barrier to seal in moisture while allowing the skin to breath. It is used in DIY beauty products to help thicken lotions and creams because it is solid at room temperature. It is high in Vitamin A, which helps aid cell regeneration and overall hydration of the skin. Beeswax has a comedogenic rating of 2.
Calendula Herbal Oil isa great moisturizer for dry skin and for chapped skin and other skin conditions. It helps soothe the skin and reduce pain from inflammation and irritation.
Castor Oil is an antiviral, antibacterial, and antifungal carrier oil. It can be used on irritated skin. It is usually combined with other carrier oils and not used alone. Castor oil is an excellent emollient. Castor Oil has a comedogenic rating of 1.
Cocoa Butter is great for the skin, whether its dry or cracked it works as a deep moisturizer which is great for stretch marks. It can also fight the signs of aging and soothes the skin. It has a comedogenic rating of 4.
Coconut Oil has a myriad of uses for hair and skin products because it is a great emollient and it also slightly occludes the skin thereby preventing transepidermal water loss (TEWL) . It provides antioxidants that protect against the signs of aging, making it the perfect quick and easy moisturizer for your face and body. It can also be used in moderation for shampoo and nourishing conditioner. It has antifungal and antibacterial properties and can be used for lip balms and lotions. It is solid at room temperature but can melt when in warmer conditions. Coconut oil can be combined with other carrier oils so that it becomes more pliable. Unrefined coconut oil is the best for beauty products because the refinement process uses chemicals to extract more oil, and in turn bleaches and deodorizes the oil. It has a shelf-life of 2-4 years. Oil has a comedogenic rating of 4 unless it is Fractionated Coconut Oil has a comedogenic rating of 0.
Evening Primrose Oil is used for dry skin, eczema and minor skin irritations. It is great for the skin and hair and is said to reduce the effects of aging. Good for premature aging, dry and devitalized skin, psoriasis, eczema. Applied topically, evening primrose has cooling and anti-inflammatory effect and is used for dermatitis. Evening Primrose Oil has a comedogenic rating of 2.
Flaxseed Oil is high in vitamins, minerals, and fatty acids. It promotes hair growth as well. Flaxseed Oil has a comedogenic rating of 4-5.
Grapeseed Oil is a dry oil so that it does not contribute to oily skin. It's used in hair recipes and skin recipes. It works as a natural astringent, so it is ideal for acne-prone or oily skin. Grapeseed Oil has a comedogenic rating of 2.
Honey supports the skin by acting as a moisturizer and it can help to cleanse the pores and works as a gentle exfoliant. Honey is found in many DIY skincare products for this very reason. Be sure that it is raw, unfiltered, organic honey! Jojoba oil has a moderately low comedogenic rating, making it ideal for both oily and mature skin. It can be used to remove makeup while acting as a moisturizer. It also can be used on your nails to improve strength and overall growth and on hair to soften hair follicles and to reduce split ends. It absorbs into your skin easily without leaving a greasy residue. Jojoba is used for acne because it can dissolve clogged pores and support the skins natural pH balance. It has natural anti-inflammatory properties making it helpful for skin conditions like eczema, psoriasis, and inflamed skin. Jojoba Oil Oil has a comedogenic rating of 2.
Macadamia Nut Oil is a dry oil like Grapeseed oil, so it absorbs quickly without leaving an oily residue and is great for skin and hair. Macadamia Nut Oil has a comedogenic rating of 2.
Neem Oil is the perfect for sensitive skin because it is rich in antioxidant and fatty acids. It can help to reverse sun damage and to prevent moisture loss. Neem is good for tackling wrinkles and fine lines. It has antibacterial, antifungal and anti-inflammatory properties and is used for acne, eczema, foot fungus, scabies, and seborrhoeic dermatitis. It is also recommended for dandruff, dry itchy scalps and dry damaged hair. Neem Oil has a comedogenic rating of 2.
Olive Oil is available in supermarkets and is a popular beauty recipe ingredient. It has good fats for your skin and hair. It can leave behind excess oil that doesn't soak into your skin right away. It works as an exfoliant and does not clog pores. It works as an excellent makeup remover as well and doesn't irritate the skin in the process. Some people may be allergic to olive oil in which case; it can cause skin irritation. It is also used for wound healing, dry skin, eczema, and mature skin. Olive Oil has a comedogenic rating of 2.
Rosehip Oil is a fast-absorbing dry oil that helps reduce the appearance of wrinkles, dark spots, eye bags and fine lines by soaking into the skin easily and without leaving an oily residue. It helps to heal blemishes while restoring moisture to any rough patches on your skin. The fatty acid content also contributes to rosehips ability to diminish scars and other marks to promote the cell regeneration. Rosehip oil is high in vitamins A and E and also has essential fatty acids that promote elastin and collagen production. It's often used for stretch marks, burns, wrinkles, eczema, and sunburn. Rosehip Oil has a comedogenic rating of 1.
Rosewater has numerous benefits for the skin and hair.It helps maintain the skin's pH balance by controlling any excess oils in the skin. It also has antioxidant properties in addition to anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial and astringent properties. This means that it will help to strengthen and regenerate skin cells, it will also clean the pores and reduce skin irritations or breakouts.
Safflower Oil is high in linoleic acid and is great for acne prone skin. It is also often used for cleansing purposes because it removes oil and dirt from the skin and hair without drying it. It lubricates the skin protecting your natural moisture. Safflower Oil has a comedogenic rating of O. Sea Berry Seed Oil (or Sea Buckthorn Seed Oil) helps to promote skin healing from various conditions like eczema, rosacea, and acne. It also has antbacterial, anti-inflammatory, and anti-clotting effects. Its benefits include anti-aging properties as it promotes hydration, elasticity, and regeneration.
Sesame Seed Oil is a lightweight oil that can be used in massage oils. It moisturizes the skin without leaving an oily residue. It contains skin restructuring and emollient properties and is good in dry and/or cold climates because it is heavy and penetrates the skin. Sesame Seed Oil has a comedogenic rating of 3.
Shea Butter is rich in vitamins A, E and F. Due to the vitamins and fatty acids it is very moisturizing for the skin -- especially if you suffer from dry skin. It also has a SPF of 6 which helps to protect the skin from UV rays. It has a comedogenic rating of 0-2.
Sunflower Oil is often used in recipes to treat psoriasis, eczema, dry skin, or damaged skin. It is a lightweight oil that can be used as a massage oil. It is good for oily skin and all skin types. Sunflower Oil has a comedogenic rating of 1.
Sweet Almond Oil is perfect for any skin type because it is a good emollient, especially if you have sensitive skin, acne, eczema, dry, irritated, or oily skin; Almond Oil provides a plethora of hydrating benefits without agitating sensitive skin. Not only is it a perfect moisturizer, but Almond Oil also helps to restore the skins natural protective barrier. It moisturizes your skin and is versatile, so it works in many beauty recipes. It is high in vitamins A and E which nourishes your skin. Do not use sweet almond oil if you have a nut allergy. It also helps relieve itching, soreness, dryness, and inflammation. Sweet Almond Oil has a comedogenic rating of 2.
Tamanu Oil is used for wound healing because it helps to form new skin tissue and accelerates healing and growth of healthy skin. It is indicated for cuts, scrapes, burns, insect bites or stings, abrasions, acne, acne scars, psoriasis, diabetic sores, sunburn, dry or scaly skin, blisters, eczema, and to reduce foot or body odor.
Vegetable Glycerin works as a moisturizer to help keep the skin hydrated and radiant. It also works as a cleanser and toner. It controls oil and has a comedogenic rating of 0. It is also a great option for soaps and other beauty products and it has benefits for those with sensitive skin and mature skin.
Vitamin E Oil nourishes the skin, treats stretch marks, lightens blemishes and scars, and has anti-aging properties to it.Vitamin E Oil also acts as a moisturizer and can reduce the appearance of dark circles under the eyes.It can also be used as a cleaning agent.Vitamin E Oil can clog pores in you have oily skin, so it is best to use in moderation.
Witch Hazel is askin-healing astringent that’s capable of naturally healing and reducing blemishes and clogged pores. It also kills the bacteria within the pores and has anti-aging properties.